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list of us navy destroyers from wwii

The first major warship produced by the U.S. Navy after World War II (and in the Cold War) were "frigates"—the ships were originally designated destroyer leaders but reclassified in 1975 as guided missile cruisers (except the Farragut class became guided missile destroyers). Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 DD -- Destroyers Auxiliary Ships 63 Anderson (DD411). [2], On 7 December 1941, the day the United States entered World War II, the United States Navy had 100 destroyers seven years old or newer. First major US warship after World War II. This is a list of destroyers of the Second World War.. Links to individual pages giving description, history, and photo. (DD-13) Stewart 14. Click on photo for larger view. [62] The following Charles F. Adams class added a short-range SAM launcher on an enlarged hull and were classified as DDGs. After World War II broke out across Europe in 1939, the United States Navy began sketches for a five-gun ship— on an enlarged hull. [65] Arleigh Burke is one-third longer and correspondingly heavier than the Fletcher-class destroyers of the squadron Burke commanded in World War II; but about the same complement. Port bow. [31], After the end of World War I, there was little need for the destroyers built, so many were laid up, and fourteen had their torpedo tubes removed and were converted to minesweepers. [Order by Select List number. Battleships 77 Alfred (formerly the Black Prince). [2][31], While the flush-deckers' freeboard fore and aft were designed to match preceding classes, the new ships differed in other respects. All US Navy Destroyer Escorts of World War II. Weighing in at around 9000 tons, destroyers are just over 500 feet long and 59 feet across (150 m x 18 m) at their widest point. [31] A typical flush deck destroyer had a normal crew of 105 officers and men, and was armed with four 4-inch deck guns, one 3-inch anti-aircraft gun, 12 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, two stern-mounted depth charge racks, along with .50-caliber machine guns and small arms. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). [2] However, none were equipped with torpedoes comparable to the (then unknown) Type 93 torpedoes ("Long Lance torpedo"[54]) of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and only destroyer leaders had more than four main guns—inferior to the six guns on a Japanese Fubuki-class destroyer (the first 24 ships of the Benson/Gleaves class were built with five guns, but excessive topweight led to one being removed).[2]. The list includes armed vessels that served during the war and in the immediate aftermath, inclusive of localized ongoing combat operations, garrison surrenders, post-surrender occupation, colony re-occupation, troop and prisoner repatriation, to the end of 1945. Torpedoed, split almost in half, declared constructive loss March 1943. [56] Destroyers had acquired the hazardous radar picket mission by this time. In World War I, the U.S. Navy began mass-producing destroyers, laying 273 keels of the Clemson and Wickes-class destroyers. [31] The mass-produced classes also had four boilers providing steam to a pair of steam turbines, each of which drove a 9-foot-diameter (2.7 m) screw at a combined 27,000 shaft horsepower (20 MW) for a top speed of about 33 knots (17 m/s). (DD-10) Paul Jones 11. [2], In the London Naval Treaty, destroyers were established as "surface vessels of war the Standard Displacement (S.D.) Port bow, underway. [32], The standard displacement of the flush deck destroyers was 1,200 ± 90 long tons (1,219 ± 91 t), the length approximately 314 feet (96 m), the beam measured approximately 31 feet (9.4 m), and the draft approximately 116 inches (2.9 m). The U.S. Navy's first large destroyers and the most numerous of the wartime classes. You may not use more than a few lines without permission. Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II Ships Home. The first 1500 tonners with high-pressure high-temperature propulsion machinery. [table striped="true" responsive="true"] 121. [3], In 1898 Congress authorized 16 torpedo boat destroyers, which would join the fleet by 1903. These are the approximate positions of the U.S. Navy’s deployed carrier strike groups and amphibious ready groups throughout the world as of Dec. 21, 2020, based on Navy and public data. 7 Dec 1941 - 31 Dec 1946 was 4,183,466 (390,037 officers and 3,793,429 enlisted) 3. [2][31] www.USMM.org ©1998 - 2006. [2] By 1945, as the threat from kamikazes increased and the threat from the Japanese surface fleet decreased, torpedoes and guns were partially (or completely in the case of torpedoes on some ships) removed from most US destroyers in favor of light anti-aircraft guns. The Arleigh Burke class (DDG 51) destroyers replaced the Charles F. Adams class (DDG 2). [31] The waist guns were moved to a platform amidships, the galley beneath them; and a bulwark added between the galley and the bridge. [2] The new, higher limits rendered the existing flush-deckers obsolete, and the General Board soon moved to replace them. With an eye to the worsening situation in Europe, the United States authorized expansion to a "two ocean Navy" in July 1940, which led to rapid and massive increases in numbers of ships and personnel. History of the United States Navy in World War II. The Arleigh Burke class was designed with an all-new hull form, incorporating much of the Spruance class (DD 963) destroyer propulsion and machinery plant, and the integrated Aegis Weapons System (AWS) proven on the Kidd class (DD 993) destroyers and installed on the larger Ticonderoga class cruisers. [3], Prior to entering World War I in 1917, the United States began producing destroyers to a new design with a continuous sheer strake, collectively referred to as "flush deckers". At her commissioning, USS Arleigh Burke was extolled as the most powerful surface warship ever built. Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945 DE -- Destroyer Escorts Click on "DE-##" for link to page with specifications, history, photographs (where available). (DD-11) Perry 12. In 1864, US Navy Lt. William B. Cushing sank the ironclad CSS Albemarle using a "spar torpedo"—an explosive device mounted on a long pole and detonated underwater. (DD-20) Flusser 3. Six prototypes of the Caldwell class were dissimilar: three had three stacks; two of these also had three screws. United States Wide USS Allen M. Sumner (DD-692) Dedicated to preserving the history of the United States Navy Destroyer Allen M. Sumner (DD-692), it's crews and campaigns. The 1500-ton destroyers built in the 1930s under the treaties had stability problems that limited expansion of their armament in World War II. The Navy's ranks totaled 126,418 in September 1939. The Naval Vessel Register (NVR)-- includes all US Navy ships and service craft The U.S. As built, they also had four stacks, which gave rise to the nicknames "four stackers" or "four pipers". [2] With the introduction of the dual purpose main guns, destroyers acquired an anti-aircraft mission. This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 05:14. [2] This number included 27 Benson and Gleaves-class destroyers. Online Ordering. United States. The 31 Spruance-class ships began service in September 1975 through the 1990s, when 24 members of the class were upgraded with vertical launching systems, and the last was decommissioned in 2005. By the time of the Armistice of 11 November 1918, keels for 177 ships had been laid and 41 had joined the fleet. Towed to harbour, cut into two, rebuilt, and each half was re-commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS, to Taiwan 1955, damaged and struck 1969, destroyed for motion picture 1976, to Canada September 1942, paid off 10 December 1943, scrapped 1944, Decommissioned 16 March 1946, scrapped 1972, to Norway 14 April 1941, to USSR 16 July 1944, scrapped 1949, scuttled 2 March 1942, raised by IJN and recommissioned September 1943, Ran aground and was scuttled 15 February 1942, Decommissioned December 1963, Scrapped 22 October 1975, ceded to UK, then to France February 1946 and renamed, Ceded to UK, then to France February 1946, renamed. From the first U.S. destroyer commissioned in 1902 to the famous ships of World War II to the Arleigh Burke-class, the U.S. Navy’s destroyers have evolved from small, fast, close-in surface combatants to multi-mission offensive and defensive warships that can operate independently or … There are a total of [ 32 ] WW2 Destroyer Warships (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. [2], The U.S. Navy resumed destroyer construction in 1932 with the Farragut class. For the next seven years, the United States Navy constructed "1500 tonners", or "goldplaters". Sailing Ships 1 Allegheny (AT19), formerly the Huron. Naval Institute has over 450,000 prints in the archive, half are ships, and at least half of those ships were from World War II. [2] These "1000 tonners" were armed with eight to twelve torpedo tubes, four 4-inch (102 mm)/50 caliber guns; and had a complement of approximately 100 officers and men. Click on headers to sort column alphabetically. (DD-18) Lamson 1. Naval Vessels. list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons, "Royal Navy operations in the Second World War", "US Navy Inactive Classification Symbols", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, "Scharnhorst - The History; Operation "Juno, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, "List of Homeports and the Ships Assigned as of August 9, 2004", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_destroyers_of_World_War_II&oldid=995284377, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, To West Germany 1958, sunk as target 1979, transferred to Taiwan 1954, scrapped 1974, Captured by Italians in 1941, scuttled by Germans in 1945, decommissioned 1 May 1976, preserved as museum ship, sank 2 November 1943 after ramming and sinking U-405, constructive loss 6 January 1945, scrapped, decommissioned 1947, sunk as a target 1969. 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